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Vaccine Preventable Diseases & Immunizations

Find out more about the diseases you may encounter, and the vaccine information that can help protect you.

Invasive meningococcal disease
(including meningitis)

WHAT IS IT?

  • Meningococcal disease is caused by several types of meningococcal bacteria26
  • It can result in meningitis, a dangerous infection of the brain and the spinal cord27
  • The bacteria are spread from person to person through contact with respiratory secretions or saliva
  • The early symptoms include fever, headache, and neck stiffness27
  • What may seem to be a mild infection can become severe in less than 24 hours

PREVENTION TIPS

Staying away from crowded places will help you avoid direct contact with infected persons.

Other simple precautions can help to limit the spread of meningococcal bacteria:

  • Covering your mouth when coughing or sneezing
  • Do not share drinking glasses, water bottles, cigarettes, lip balm, etc
  • Washing your hands after contact with oral secretions28
  • If you’re traveling to an area where meningitis is common, ask your travel health care professional if vaccination is appropriate for you

Consult your travel physician for additional health information.

For more information visit: wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/page/diseases.htm

IMMUNIZATIONS

  • Vaccination against meningococcal disease may be recommended for individuals traveling to parts of Africa and the Middle East where meningococcal disease is prevalent26
  • People traveling to Mecca for the annual Hajj must have proof of vaccination within the last 3 years in order to enter Saudi Arabia26

HELP PROTECT YOURSELF

Vaccines can help protect you from diseases that are still common in many parts of the world. Make certain you contact your health care provider and determine which vaccines you should receive before you travel.

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Diseases to Guard Against

When you’ve added your destinations, it is recommended that you take this list to your doctor so you can discuss relevant vaccinations before you travel.

Travel vaccines help protect you from illnesses present in other parts of the world, and help prevent the importation of infectious diseases across international borders. Which vaccinations you need depends on a number of factors, including your age, health status, and previous immunizations.

COMBINATION VACCINES

There are combination vaccines that help protect against multiple diseases that may reduce the number of shots you need.

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