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Vaccine Preventable Diseases & Immunizations

Find out more about the diseases you may encounter, and the vaccine information that can help protect you.

Japanese encephalitis

WHAT IS IT?

  • Japanese encephalitis is caused by a virus that is spread by the bite of an infected mosquito14
  • This disease can affect the brain, causing confusion, and can lead to coma and death14
  • In some countries, the Japanese encephalitis transmission season lasts year round, while in other countries, transmission is seasonal15

PREVENTION TIPS

  • Depending on your destination and specifics of your stay, you may benefit from Japanese encephalitis vaccination.15 Talk to your travel clinic to determine if vaccination is right for you.
  • Always practice protective measures against mosquito bites (especially between dusk and dawn)15

TRAVELERS CAN REDUCE THEIR RISK OF ACQUIRING JAPANESE ENCEPHALITIS BY:

  • Remaining in well-screened or air-conditioned areas when possible
  • Wearing clothing that adequately covers the arms and legs
  • Applying DEET-containing insect repellent to both skin and clothing
  • Talking to your health care provider about vaccinations14

Consult your travel physician for additional health information.

For more information visit: wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/page/diseases.htm

IMMUNIZATIONS

Depending on your vaccination history, it may be recommended that you get vaccinated against Japanese encephalitis if:

  • You are traveling to a country during a Japanese encephalitis transmission season and you are planning extensive outdoor activities in rural areas for any length of time;14 or,
  • You plan to travel for 30 days or more to a country during a Japanese encephalitis transmission season, regardless of your planned activities14

HELP PROTECT YOURSELF

Vaccines can help protect you from diseases that are still common in many parts of the world. Make certain you contact your health care provider and determine which vaccines you should receive before you travel.

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Diseases to Guard Against

When you’ve added your destinations, it is recommended that you take this list to your doctor so you can discuss relevant vaccinations before you travel.

Travel vaccines help protect you from illnesses present in other parts of the world, and help prevent the importation of infectious diseases across international borders. Which vaccinations you need depends on a number of factors, including your age, health status, and previous immunizations.

COMBINATION VACCINES

There are combination vaccines that help protect against multiple diseases that may reduce the number of shots you need.

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